Known as La Ciudad Dorada, the golden city, Salamanca is home to one of Spain’s most important and ancient universities, founded in 1218. The enormous Plaza Mayor (capacity for 20,000 people!) is considered one of Europe’s finest squares, just one of the many architectural jewels the city boasts. Site of Wellington’s famous defeat of Napoleon in the peninsular campaign, the city is truly steeped in history. Salamanca is capital to the region of the same name famous for its fine jamon and toros bravos, high mountains and benign climate.